Browse Definitions :

Telecom

Terms related to telecom, including definitions about telecommunication service providers and words and phrases about voice, video and Internet communication.

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  • enterprise-mobile integration (EMI) - Enterprise-mobile integration (EMI) is a form of fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) that provides integration between communications carriers and enterprise networks.
  • Ethernet - Ethernet is the traditional technology for connecting wired local area networks (LANs), enabling devices to communicate with each other via a protocol -- a set of rules or common network language.
  • Ethernet point-of-presence (EPOP) - Ethernet point-of-presence (EPOP) is a technology developed by Level 3 Communications that provides widespread access to broadband networks.
  • federated presence management (FPM) - Federated presence management (FPM), also called unified presence management, is a technology that allows device users to control all aspects of their communications with other users, regardless of the make or platform of the devices.
  • feed line - In a wireless communications or broadcasting antenna system, the feed line connects the antenna to the receiver, transmitter, or transceiver.
  • femtocell - A femtocell is a wireless access point that improves cellular reception inside a home or office building.
  • Fennec - Fennec is a version of the Firefox browser adapted for mobile phones and other small computing devices.
  • fiber to the x (FTTx) - Fiber to the x (FTTx) is a collective term for various optical fiber delivery topologies that are categorized according to where the fiber terminates.
  • find me / follow me - Find me and follow me are two call forwarding services that are commonly used in conjunction with each other.
  • fixed-mobile substitution (FMS) - Fixed-mobile substitution (FMS) is the tendency for consumers and businesses to increasingly substitute cellular telephones for hard-wired or cordless landline sets.
  • frequency-hopping spread spectrum - Frequency hopping is one of two basic modulation techniques used in spread spectrum signal transmission.
  • G.711 - G.711 is the default pulse code modulation (PCM) standard for Internet Protocol (IP) private branch exchange (PBX) vendors, as well as for the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
  • Generic Access Network (GAN) - The Generic Access Network (GAN) is an evolving wireless communications system in which mobile phone sets function seamlessly between local area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks (WANs).
  • geolocation - Geolocation is the detection of the physical location of an Internet connected computing device.
  • geostationary satellite - A geostationary satellite is an earth-orbiting satellite, placed at an altitude of approximately 35,800 kilometers (22,300 miles) directly over the equator, that revolves in the same direction the earth rotates (west to east).
  • Global Positioning System (GPS) - Global Positioning System (GPS) technology enables the user, through approximately 30 well-spaced, earth-orbiting satellites, to pinpoint one's geographic location through ground receivers and mobile devices.
  • GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) - GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is a digital mobile network that is widely used by mobile phone users in Europe and other parts of the world.
  • IMS - IMS (Information Management System) is a database and transaction management system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968.
  • in-band signaling - In the public switched telephone network, (PSTN), in-band signaling is the exchange of signaling (call control) information on the same channel that the telephone call itself is using.
  • inductive charging - Inductive charging is a wireless charging method used for charging mid-sized items such as cell phones, MP3 players and PDAs.
  • Interactive Voice Response (IVR) - Interactive Voice Response (IVR) is an automated telephony system that interacts with callers, gathers information and routes calls to the appropriate recipients.
  • interconnection - Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information.
  • interexchange carrier (IXC) - An interexchange carrier (IXC) is a telephone company that provides connections between local exchanges in different geographic areas.
  • Internet caller ID - Internet caller ID is an application that allows users to screen incoming telephone calls.
  • IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) - The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a concept for an integrated network of telecommunications carriers that would facilitate the use of IP (Internet Protocol) for packet communications in all known forms over wireless or landline.
  • iPhone 3G - iPhone 3G is the second generation of iPhone, a smartphone made by Apple that combines an iPod, a tablet PC, a digital camera and a cellular phone.
  • kilobit - In data communications, a kilobit is a thousand (103) bits.
  • landline - A landline is a telephone that transmits signals converted from audio data through physical media, such as wire or fibre optic cable, rather than through wireless transmission as is the case with mobile phones.
  • Learning Path: Telephony and Wide Area Networks - TELEPHONY AND WIDE AREA NETWORKS.
  • least cost routing (LCR) - Least cost routing (LCR) is a process that allows telecommunications providers to select the lowest cost carrier for bandwidth provision for their voice communications.
  • line card - A line card is: 1) A printed brochure that lists the names, descriptions and the manufacturers of products sold by a third party, like a distributor, sales representative or value-added reseller (VAR).
  • Local Number Portability (LNP) - Local Number Portability (LNP) is the ability of a telephone customer in the U.
  • location awareness - Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application.
  • long-distance carrier - A long-distance carrier is a telephone company that provides connections between local exchanges in different geographic areas.
  • megabit - In data communications, a megabit is a million binary pulses, or 1,000,000 (that is, 106) pulses (or "bits").
  • MEO satellite (medium earth orbit satellite) - A medium earth orbit (MEO) satellite is one with an orbit within the range from a few hundred miles to a few thousand miles above the earth's surface.
  • message broker - In a telecommunication network where programs communicate by exchanging formally-defined messages (that is, through the act of messaging), a message broker is an intermediary program that translates a message from the formal messaging protocol of the sender to the formal messaging protocol of the receiver.
  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit - Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit is a free utility IT can use to determine whether or not its infrastructure is prepared for a migration to a new operating system, server version or cloud-based deployment.
  • microwave - The term microwave refers to electromagnetic energy having a frequency higher than 1 gigahertz (billions of cycles per second), corresponding to wavelength shorter than 30 centimeters.
  • millimeter wave (MM wave) - Millimeter wave (also millimeter band) is the band of spectrum between 30 gigahertz (Ghz) and 300 Ghz.
  • miniaturized satellite - A miniaturized satellite is an earth-orbiting device having lower mass and smaller physical dimensions than a conventional satellite, such as a geostationary satellite.
  • mobile Internet device (MID) - A mobile Internet device (MID) is a handheld device that is larger than a smartphone but smaller than a netbook.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile number portability (MNP) - Mobile number portability (MNP) is a service that allows a cellphone or smartphone customer to change service providers and keep the same phone number.
  • mobile satellite services (MSS) - Mobile satellite services (MSS) refers to networks of communications satellites intended for use with mobile and portable wireless telephones.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • Mobile service provider - A mobile service provider (MSP) is a company that offers mobile communication services to users of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet PCs.
  • mobile-to-mobile convergence (MMC) - Mobile-to-mobile convergence (MMC) is a technology that facilitates the interoperability of mobile communications devices without the need for any fixed capabilities or proprietary service provider.
  • modem - A modem modulates outgoing digital signals from a computer or other digital device to analog signals for a conventional copper twisted pair telephone line and demodulates the incoming analog signal and converts it to a digital signal for the digital device.
  • MPLS-TP (MPLS Transport Profile) - The Multiprotocol Label Switching Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) is a protocol extension of MPLS designed to speed up and shape network traffic in operator transport networks.
  • multi-carrier modulation (MCM) - Multi-carrier modulation (MCM) is a method of transmitting data by splitting it into several components, and sending each of these components over separate carrier signals.
  • multichassis multilink PPP (MMP) - Multichassis multilink PPP (MMP) is an extension of multilink PPP (MP) in which the subscriber can consist of more than one computer.
  • multilink PPP - Multilink PPP is a communications protocol that enables a personal computer (PC) to use two PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) communications ports as if they were a single port of greater bandwidth.
  • narrowband - Generally, narrowband describes telecommunication that carries voice information in a narrow band of frequencies.
  • National Call Fee Access (NCFA) - In the U.K.
  • NEOSSat (Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite) - NEOSSat (Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite) is a satellite designed to identify and track objects in space, such as asteroids, comets and other satellites.
  • network configuration management (NCM) - Network configuration management is the process of organizing and maintaining information about all of the components in a computer network.
  • Networx - Networx is a U.
  • occupancy - Occupancy is the percentage of time that call agents actually spend handling incoming calls against the available or idle time, which is determined by dividing workload hours by staff hours.
  • Open Handset Alliance (OHA) - The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a coalition of more than 30 technology and mobile companies that introduced Android, an open source mobile phone operating system.
  • Open Settlement Protocol (OSP) - Open Settlement Protocol (OSP) is a client-server protocol that manages access control, accounting, usage data and inter-domain routing to make it easier for Internet service providers to support IP telephony.
  • Oracle Communications Network Charging and Control (OCNCC) - Oracle Communications Network Charging and Control (OCNCC) is a product from the telecommunications industry used for real-time charging and session control.
  • out-of-band signaling - Out-of-band signaling is telecommunication signaling (exchange of information in order to control a telephone call) that is done on a channel that is dedicated for the purpose and separate from the channels used for the telephone call.
  • P4P (proactive provider participation for P2P) - P4P (proactive provider participation for P2P) is a protocol designed to improve the use of available bandwidth in a P2P network by reducing the overall volume of traffic.
  • Packet Order Correction (POC) - Packet Order Correction (POC) is a technique for dealing with out-of-order packet delivery.
  • pager - A pager is a small telecommunications device that receives (and, in some cases, transmits) alert signals and/or short messages.
  • paid prioritization - Paid prioritization, in relation to the internet, is the optimization of data transfer rates for certain content providers, websites and web services.
  • personal area network (PAN) - A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.
  • personal digital assistant (PDA) - Personal digital assistants were the precursors to smartphones.
  • Personal Handyphone System (PHS) - Developed by the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, the Personal Handyphone is a lightweight portable wireless telephone that functions as a cordless phone in the home and as a mobile phone elsewhere.
  • Personal Response System (PRS) - In education, the Personal Response System (PRS) is an instructional technology tool composed of a proprietary software application that is installed on the facilitator's computer, a wireless receiver, and hand-held infrared transmitters that have been assigned to students to record their responses to multiple choice or yes/no questions.
  • plain old telephone service (POTS) - POTS is a term sometimes used in discussion of new telephone technologies in which the question of whether and how existing voice transmission for ordinary phone communication can be accommodated.
  • point-of-presence (POP) - On the Internet, a point-of-presence (POP) is an access point from one place to the rest of the Internet.
  • port interface card (PIC) - A port interface card (PIC) is a computer circuit board that provides multiple, diverse interfaces for connections to external networks.
  • Powercast - Powercast is a technology that uses a low-level radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field to recharge small electrochemical cells and batteries.
  • preamble - A preamble is a signal used in network communications to synchronize transmission timing between two or more systems.
  • private automatic branch exchange (PABX) - A private automatic branch exchange (PABX) is an automatic telephone switching system within a private enterprise.
  • private branch exchange (PBX) - A PBX (private branch exchange) is a telephone system within an enterprise that switches calls between enterprise users on local lines while allowing all users to share a certain number of external phone lines.
  • progressive download - A progressive download is a process that allows the user to access content before the data transfer is complete.
  • PSTN (public switched telephone network) - PSTN (public switched telephone network) is the world’s collection of interconnected voice-oriented public telephone networks.
  • public land mobile network (PLMN) - (pu A public land mobile network (PLMN) is any wireless communications system intended for use by terrestrial subscribers in vehicles or on foot.
  • push voice - Push Voice is a service that enables functionality normally associated with PBX-based phone systems for cellular phones or other mobile handsets.
  • quadruple-play network - A quadruple-play network is one that offers mobility in addition to the voice, data and video provided by a triple play network.
  • Quarter Video Graphics Array (QVGA) - QVGA (Quarter Video Graphics Array) is a small-screen display mode in which the resolution is 320 pixels horizontally by 240 pixels vertically (320 x 240).
  • radio access network (RAN) - A radio access network (RAN) is the part of a telecommunications system that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections.
  • radio charging - Radio charging is a wireless charging method used to charge items with small batteries and low power requirements, such as watches, hearing aids and wireless keyboards and mice.
  • real time - Real time is a level of computer responsiveness that a user senses as sufficiently immediate or that enables the computer to keep up with some external process (for example, to present visualizations of the weather as it constantly changes).
  • real-time communications dashboard (RTCD) - A real-time communications dashboard (RTCD) is an application designed to facilitate efficient, convenient real-time communications (RTC) in a business environment.
  • real-time location system (RTLS) - A real-time location system (RTLS) is one of a number of technologies used to pinpoint the current geographic position and location of a target.
  • roaming service - Roaming service is the ability to get access to the Internet when away from home at the price of a local call or at a charge considerably less than the regular long-distance charges.
  • robocall - A robocall is an automated telephone call initiated by an autodialer for delivery of a prerecorded message.
  • satellite - In general, a satellite is anything that orbits something else, as, for example, the moon orbits the earth.
  • satellite Internet connection - A satellite Internet connection is an arrangement in which the upstream (outgoing) and the downstream (incoming) data are sent from, and arrive at, a computer through a satellite.
  • screaming cell phone - A screaming cell phone is a cellular telephone that is programmed to emit a noise like human screaming.
  • screen pop - A screen pop is a feature of a computer telephony integration (CTI) application that automatically displays all of the relevant caller and account information on a call center agent's screen during a call.
  • service level - Service level describes, usually in measurable terms, the services a network service provider furnishes a customer within a given time period.
  • session border controller (SBC) - A session border controller (SBC) is a dedicated hardware device or software application that governs the manner in which phone calls are initiated, conducted and terminated on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) network.
  • short message service center (SMSC) - A short message service center (SMSC) is the portion of a wireless network that handles SMS operations, such as routing, forwarding and storing incoming text messages on their way to desired endpoints.

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