Browse Definitions :

Telecom

Terms related to telecom, including definitions about telecommunication service providers and words and phrases about voice, video and Internet communication.

ELE - SES

  • electromagnetic radiation spectrum - The electromagnetic radiation spectrum is the complete range of the wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation, beginning with the longest radio waves (including those in the audio range) and extending through visible light (a very small part of the spectrum) all the way to the extremely short gamma rays that are a product of radioactive atoms.
  • enterprise-mobile integration (EMI) - Enterprise-mobile integration (EMI) is a form of fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) that provides integration between communications carriers and enterprise networks.
  • Ethernet - Ethernet is the traditional technology for connecting wired local area networks (LANs), enabling devices to communicate with each other via a protocol -- a set of rules or common network language.
  • Ethernet point-of-presence (EPOP) - Ethernet point-of-presence (EPOP) is a technology developed by Level 3 Communications that provides widespread access to broadband networks.
  • federated presence management (FPM) - Federated presence management (FPM), also called unified presence management, is a technology that allows device users to control all aspects of their communications with other users, regardless of the make or platform of the devices.
  • feed line - In a wireless communications or broadcasting antenna system, the feed line connects the antenna to the receiver, transmitter, or transceiver.
  • femtocell - A femtocell is a wireless access point that improves cellular reception inside a home or office building.
  • Fennec - Fennec is a version of the Firefox browser adapted for mobile phones and other small computing devices.
  • fiber to the x (FTTx) - Fiber to the x (FTTx) is a collective term for various optical fiber delivery topologies that are categorized according to where the fiber terminates.
  • find me / follow me - Find me and follow me are two call forwarding services that are commonly used in conjunction with each other.
  • fixed-mobile substitution (FMS) - Fixed-mobile substitution (FMS) is the tendency for consumers and businesses to increasingly substitute cellular telephones for hard-wired or cordless landline sets.
  • frequency-hopping spread spectrum - Frequency hopping is one of two basic modulation techniques used in spread spectrum signal transmission.
  • G.711 - G.711 is the default pulse code modulation (PCM) standard for Internet Protocol (IP) private branch exchange (PBX) vendors, as well as for the public switched telephone network (PSTN).
  • Generic Access Network (GAN) - The Generic Access Network (GAN) is an evolving wireless communications system in which mobile phone sets function seamlessly between local area networks (LANs) and wide-area networks (WANs).
  • geolocation - Geolocation is the detection of the physical location of an Internet connected computing device.
  • geostationary satellite - A geostationary satellite is an earth-orbiting satellite, placed at an altitude of approximately 35,800 kilometers (22,300 miles) directly over the equator, that revolves in the same direction the earth rotates (west to east).
  • Global Positioning System (GPS) - Global Positioning System (GPS) technology enables the user, through approximately 30 well-spaced, earth-orbiting satellites, to pinpoint one's geographic location through ground receivers and mobile devices.
  • GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) - GSM (Global System for Mobile communication) is a digital mobile network that is widely used by mobile phone users in Europe and other parts of the world.
  • IMS - IMS (Information Management System) is a database and transaction management system that was first introduced by IBM in 1968.
  • in-band signaling - In the public switched telephone network, (PSTN), in-band signaling is the exchange of signaling (call control) information on the same channel that the telephone call itself is using.
  • inductive charging - Inductive charging is a wireless charging method used for charging mid-sized items such as cell phones, MP3 players and PDAs.
  • Interactive Voice Response (IVR) - Interactive Voice Response (IVR) is an automated telephony system that interacts with callers, gathers information and routes calls to the appropriate recipients.
  • interconnection - Interconnection is a strategy for ensuring that businesses can privately, securely and directly exchange digital information.
  • interexchange carrier (IXC) - An interexchange carrier (IXC) is a telephone company that provides connections between local exchanges in different geographic areas.
  • Internet caller ID - Internet caller ID is an application that allows users to screen incoming telephone calls.
  • IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) - The IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a concept for an integrated network of telecommunications carriers that would facilitate the use of IP (Internet Protocol) for packet communications in all known forms over wireless or landline.
  • iPhone 3G - iPhone 3G is the second generation of iPhone, a smartphone made by Apple that combines an iPod, a tablet PC, a digital camera and a cellular phone.
  • kilobit - In data communications, a kilobit is a thousand (103) bits.
  • landline - A landline is a telephone that transmits signals converted from audio data through physical media, such as wire or fibre optic cable, rather than through wireless transmission as is the case with mobile phones.
  • Learning Path: Telephony and Wide Area Networks - TELEPHONY AND WIDE AREA NETWORKS.
  • least cost routing (LCR) - Least cost routing (LCR) is a process that allows telecommunications providers to select the lowest cost carrier for bandwidth provision for their voice communications.
  • line card - A line card is: 1) A printed brochure that lists the names, descriptions and the manufacturers of products sold by a third party, like a distributor, sales representative or value-added reseller (VAR).
  • Local Number Portability (LNP) - Local Number Portability (LNP) is the ability of a telephone customer in the U.
  • location awareness - Location awareness is a component of presence technology that delivers information about a device's physical location to another user or application.
  • long-distance carrier - A long-distance carrier is a telephone company that provides connections between local exchanges in different geographic areas.
  • megabit - In data communications, a megabit is a million binary pulses, or 1,000,000 (that is, 106) pulses (or "bits").
  • MEO satellite (medium earth orbit satellite) - A medium earth orbit (MEO) satellite is one with an orbit within the range from a few hundred miles to a few thousand miles above the earth's surface.
  • message broker - In a telecommunication network where programs communicate by exchanging formally-defined messages (that is, through the act of messaging), a message broker is an intermediary program that translates a message from the formal messaging protocol of the sender to the formal messaging protocol of the receiver.
  • Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit - Microsoft Assessment and Planning (MAP) Toolkit is a free utility IT can use to determine whether or not its infrastructure is prepared for a migration to a new operating system, server version or cloud-based deployment.
  • microwave - The term microwave refers to electromagnetic energy having a frequency higher than 1 gigahertz (billions of cycles per second), corresponding to wavelength shorter than 30 centimeters.
  • millimeter wave (MM wave) - Millimeter wave (also millimeter band) is the band of spectrum between 30 gigahertz (Ghz) and 300 Ghz.
  • miniaturized satellite - A miniaturized satellite is an earth-orbiting device having lower mass and smaller physical dimensions than a conventional satellite, such as a geostationary satellite.
  • mobile Internet device (MID) - A mobile Internet device (MID) is a handheld device that is larger than a smartphone but smaller than a netbook.
  • mobile marketing - Mobile marketing is promotional activity designed for delivery to cell phones, smart phones and other handheld devices, usually as a component of a multi-channel campaign.
  • mobile number portability (MNP) - Mobile number portability (MNP) is a service that allows a cellphone or smartphone customer to change service providers and keep the same phone number.
  • mobile satellite services (MSS) - Mobile satellite services (MSS) refers to networks of communications satellites intended for use with mobile and portable wireless telephones.
  • mobile search - Mobile search is the practice of querying a search engine from an Internet-connected handheld device, such as a smart phone.
  • Mobile service provider - A mobile service provider (MSP) is a company that offers mobile communication services to users of mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet PCs.
  • mobile-to-mobile convergence (MMC) - Mobile-to-mobile convergence (MMC) is a technology that facilitates the interoperability of mobile communications devices without the need for any fixed capabilities or proprietary service provider.
  • modem - A modem modulates outgoing digital signals from a computer or other digital device to analog signals for a conventional copper twisted pair telephone line and demodulates the incoming analog signal and converts it to a digital signal for the digital device.
  • MPLS-TP (MPLS Transport Profile) - The Multiprotocol Label Switching Transport Profile (MPLS-TP) is a protocol extension of MPLS designed to speed up and shape network traffic in operator transport networks.
  • multi-carrier modulation (MCM) - Multi-carrier modulation (MCM) is a method of transmitting data by splitting it into several components, and sending each of these components over separate carrier signals.
  • multichassis multilink PPP (MMP) - Multichassis multilink PPP (MMP) is an extension of multilink PPP (MP) in which the subscriber can consist of more than one computer.
  • multilink PPP - Multilink PPP is a communications protocol that enables a personal computer (PC) to use two PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) communications ports as if they were a single port of greater bandwidth.
  • narrowband - Generally, narrowband describes telecommunication that carries voice information in a narrow band of frequencies.
  • National Call Fee Access (NCFA) - In the U.K.
  • NEOSSat (Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite) - NEOSSat (Near Earth Object Surveillance Satellite) is a satellite designed to identify and track objects in space, such as asteroids, comets and other satellites.
  • network configuration management (NCM) - Network configuration management is the process of organizing and maintaining information about all of the components in a computer network.
  • Networx - Networx is a U.
  • occupancy - Occupancy is the percentage of time that call agents actually spend handling incoming calls against the available or idle time, which is determined by dividing workload hours by staff hours.
  • Open Handset Alliance (OHA) - The Open Handset Alliance (OHA) is a coalition of more than 30 technology and mobile companies that introduced Android, an open source mobile phone operating system.
  • Open Settlement Protocol (OSP) - Open Settlement Protocol (OSP) is a client-server protocol that manages access control, accounting, usage data and inter-domain routing to make it easier for Internet service providers to support IP telephony.
  • Oracle Communications Network Charging and Control (OCNCC) - Oracle Communications Network Charging and Control (OCNCC) is a product from the telecommunications industry used for real-time charging and session control.
  • out-of-band signaling - Out-of-band signaling is telecommunication signaling (exchange of information in order to control a telephone call) that is done on a channel that is dedicated for the purpose and separate from the channels used for the telephone call.
  • P4P (proactive provider participation for P2P) - P4P (proactive provider participation for P2P) is a protocol designed to improve the use of available bandwidth in a P2P network by reducing the overall volume of traffic.
  • Packet Order Correction (POC) - Packet Order Correction (POC) is a technique for dealing with out-of-order packet delivery.
  • pager - A pager is a small telecommunications device that receives (and, in some cases, transmits) alert signals and/or short messages.
  • paid prioritization - Paid prioritization, in relation to the internet, is the optimization of data transfer rates for certain content providers, websites and web services.
  • personal area network (PAN) - A personal area network (PAN) is the interconnection of information technology devices within the range of an individual person, typically within a range of 10 meters.
  • personal digital assistant (PDA) - Personal digital assistants were the precursors to smartphones.
  • Personal Handyphone System (PHS) - Developed by the Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation, the Personal Handyphone is a lightweight portable wireless telephone that functions as a cordless phone in the home and as a mobile phone elsewhere.
  • Personal Response System (PRS) - In education, the Personal Response System (PRS) is an instructional technology tool composed of a proprietary software application that is installed on the facilitator's computer, a wireless receiver, and hand-held infrared transmitters that have been assigned to students to record their responses to multiple choice or yes/no questions.
  • plain old telephone service (POTS) - POTS is a term sometimes used in discussion of new telephone technologies in which the question of whether and how existing voice transmission for ordinary phone communication can be accommodated.
  • point-of-presence (POP) - On the Internet, a point-of-presence (POP) is an access point from one place to the rest of the Internet.
  • port interface card (PIC) - A port interface card (PIC) is a computer circuit board that provides multiple, diverse interfaces for connections to external networks.
  • Powercast - Powercast is a technology that uses a low-level radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic field to recharge small electrochemical cells and batteries.
  • preamble - A preamble is a signal used in network communications to synchronize transmission timing between two or more systems.
  • private automatic branch exchange (PABX) - A private automatic branch exchange (PABX) is an automatic telephone switching system within a private enterprise.
  • private branch exchange (PBX) - A PBX (private branch exchange) is a telephone system within an enterprise that switches calls between enterprise users on local lines while allowing all users to share a certain number of external phone lines.
  • progressive download - A progressive download is a process that allows the user to access content before the data transfer is complete.
  • PSTN (public switched telephone network) - PSTN (public switched telephone network) is the world’s collection of interconnected voice-oriented public telephone networks.
  • public land mobile network (PLMN) - (pu A public land mobile network (PLMN) is any wireless communications system intended for use by terrestrial subscribers in vehicles or on foot.
  • push voice - Push Voice is a service that enables functionality normally associated with PBX-based phone systems for cellular phones or other mobile handsets.
  • quadruple-play network - A quadruple-play network is one that offers mobility in addition to the voice, data and video provided by a triple play network.
  • Quarter Video Graphics Array (QVGA) - QVGA (Quarter Video Graphics Array) is a small-screen display mode in which the resolution is 320 pixels horizontally by 240 pixels vertically (320 x 240).
  • radio access network (RAN) - A radio access network (RAN) is the part of a telecommunications system that connects individual devices to other parts of a network through radio connections.
  • radio charging - Radio charging is a wireless charging method used to charge items with small batteries and low power requirements, such as watches, hearing aids and wireless keyboards and mice.
  • real time - Real time is a level of computer responsiveness that a user senses as sufficiently immediate or that enables the computer to keep up with some external process (for example, to present visualizations of the weather as it constantly changes).
  • real-time communications dashboard (RTCD) - A real-time communications dashboard (RTCD) is an application designed to facilitate efficient, convenient real-time communications (RTC) in a business environment.
  • real-time location system (RTLS) - A real-time location system (RTLS) is one of a number of technologies used to pinpoint the current geographic position and location of a target.
  • roaming service - Roaming service is the ability to get access to the Internet when away from home at the price of a local call or at a charge considerably less than the regular long-distance charges.
  • robocall - A robocall is an automated telephone call initiated by an autodialer for delivery of a prerecorded message.
  • satellite - In general, a satellite is anything that orbits something else, as, for example, the moon orbits the earth.
  • satellite Internet connection - A satellite Internet connection is an arrangement in which the upstream (outgoing) and the downstream (incoming) data are sent from, and arrive at, a computer through a satellite.
  • screaming cell phone - A screaming cell phone is a cellular telephone that is programmed to emit a noise like human screaming.
  • screen pop - A screen pop is a feature of a computer telephony integration (CTI) application that automatically displays all of the relevant caller and account information on a call center agent's screen during a call.
  • service level - Service level describes, usually in measurable terms, the services a network service provider furnishes a customer within a given time period.
  • session border controller (SBC) - A session border controller (SBC) is a dedicated hardware device or software application that governs the manner in which phone calls are initiated, conducted and terminated on a Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) network.

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